Insulin Hormone: Understanding its Role in the Body

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Have you ever wondered how your body turns the food you eat into energy?

Inside your body, there’s a special hormone called insulin. Think of it as a special hormone that helps control the sugar in your body. You might have heard about it in relation to diabetes, but it’s important for more than just that.

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In this article, we’re going to learn about what insulin is, what it does, and why it’s super important for your health. 

Have you ever heard of insulin and wondered what it does? Let’s find out together!

Insulin: The Sugar Manager

Imagine insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas, plays a crucial role in managing your blood sugar levels. Whenever you eat something, your blood sugar levels shoot up like a roller coaster. That’s when insulin steps in to bring them back down and prevent them from going too high.

Controlling Sugar

Insulin’s primary task is to take charge of the sugar, also known as glucose, in your bloodstream. When you consume sugary foods, your blood sugar levels go up.

Insulin acts like a key that unlocks your body’s cells, allowing the sugar to enter and be used for energy. This process helps bring your blood sugar back to its normal range, ensuring you feel your best.

Counterbalance to Glucagon

Insulin works in tandem with another hormone called glucagon, which is also produced by the pancreas. While insulin lowers blood sugar levels, glucagon raises them. Together, they help maintain blood glucose balance.

Storing Energy

But insulin isn’t just about sugar. It’s like a storage manager too. When you eat more sugar than your body needs right away, insulin helps turn that extra sugar into a storage form called glycogen. It’s like putting money in a savings account for later. If you have too much glycogen, insulin helps change it into fat for future energy.

Helping Cells Grow

Insulin isn’t done yet. It’s also a helper for cells to grow and repair. It delivers special building blocks, called amino acids, to your cells, which they use to stay healthy and fix themselves.

Insulin Dosage for Diabetes

1. Insulin plays a pivotal role in diabetes management. It acts as the key to unlock cells and allow glucose for energy. 

2. The right insulin dosage is crucial to maintain healthy blood sugar levels, as too little can lead to high blood sugar, while too much can result in low blood sugar, both having serious consequences.

3. Tailoring your insulin dosage to your specific needs is akin to a perfectly fitting suit, ensuring better blood sugar control and minimizing the risk of complications. 

4. Incorporating the chart prescribed by a healthcare professional into your daily routine becomes essential for effective diabetes management, along with factors to consider and best practices for insulin administration.

Diabetes Dilemma

Sometimes, things go wrong with insulin and over time diabetes can be the result. There are two types of diabetes that can happen:

1. Type 1 Diabetes

This is when the body’s superhero-making factory (the immune system) gets mixed up and destroys the insulin-making heroes in the pancreas. People with Type 1 diabetes need to get insulin from outside to keep their blood sugar in check.

2. Type 2 Diabetes

In this type, the body’s cells no longer listen to insulin. It’s like they’re tired of its instructions. This can make blood sugar go too high, and sometimes the pancreas can’t make enough insulin to fix the problem.


Insulin might be a small hormone, but it’s a big deal for your body. It’s like the manager of sugar, energy storage, and cell growth all at once. Understanding what insulin does helps us see how our bodies work and why it’s important to keep everything balanced. 

So, the next time you hear about insulin, remember that it’s the sugar hero keeping your body on track.

To be certain, we suggest you also speak to our diabetes healthcare team, which has an expert dietician, physiotherapist and psychologist to understand insulin and its role in diabetes and much more.

You can also try our free diabetes reversal calculator to find your chances of reducing or stopping diabetes medicines.

To learn more about Fitterfly’s Diabetes Care Program and how it can help you intelligently take control of your diabetes, speak to one of our counselors by just giving us a missed call at 08069450746, and we will definitely get back to you.

Wish to know more? Sign up for our program.

Stay awesome, stay balanced!

- By Fitterfly Health-Team
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