Is Fish Good For Diabetes?

Is Fish Good For Diabetes?
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Fish can be a healthy food choice for people with diabetes. Being a good source of protein, fish also contains essential nutrients for people with diabetes. A protein rich diet helps to keep you feeling full and satisfied after meals. Also protein helps to build and repair tissues.

Additionally, fish is low in saturated fat and high in healthy omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids can help to reduce inflammation in the body, which can be beneficial for people with diabetes who are at a higher risk of developing complications related to inflammation.


However the pollution in the water bodies has adversely affected the nutritional quality of fish. Studies reveal that several freshwater fish contain microplastic. The consumption of such fish  can affect our health. 

What is the nutritional value of fish?

Fish is packed with low-fat high-quality proteins, Typically fish is filled with Omega 3 fatty acids and vitamins like Vitamin D and Vitamin B12.

Apart from vitamins, fish is also a good source of nutrients like Calcium and Phosphorus. The other minerals present in fish include iron, zinc, iodine, magnesium, and potassium. 

The nutritional value of 85 gms of raw bass/ koduvai fish is:

Total fat – 2gms

Saturated fat – 04 gms

Cholesterol- 68 mg

Total carbohydrate- 0 gms

Dietary fiber- 0 gms

Proteins- 15 gms

Calcium: 13mg

Iron- 0.7 mg

Potassium- 218 mg

The nutritional value of fish varies for different species of fish and also based on their natural habitat.

Because the protein in fish helps to reduce the glycemic load of the meal, eating fish with a combination of carbs can help manage the post-meal spike.

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People with diabetes can benefit from eating fish because fish is a good source of vitamin D. The deficiency of Vitamin D may cause insulin resistance

Besides the above number Indian fishes may also contain industrial waste like mercury, and cadmium.

What is the glycemic index of fish?

The glycemic index of fish is 0, which means fish does not cause a spike in blood sugar levels as it does not have carbohydrates. The presence of high-quality protein ensures one feels full for longer. By adding fish to your diet you can achieve the necessary nutrition that your body requires without worrying about any spike in blood glucose level. 

Which Indian fish is good for diabetes?

Fish is a nutritious food that can be a part of a healthy diet for people with diabetes. It is often considered a good source of protein and healthy fats, including omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to improve heart health and reduce the risk of diabetes-related complications.

In India, several types of fish are considered good for people with diabetes. Some of, the best fish for diabetes in India are:

1. Rohu

Rohu is a freshwater fish that is commonly found in rivers and lakes in India. It is an excellent source of protein and low in fat, making it an ideal food for people with diabetes.

2. Hilsa

Hilsa is a saltwater fish that is popular in Eastern India and Bangladesh. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and other essential nutrients, making it a great choice for people with diabetes.

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3. Indian mackerel

Indian mackerel is a saltwater fish that is found in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. It is a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids, making it a healthy choice for people with diabetes.

4. Pomfret

Pomfret is a saltwater fish that is commonly found in the Indian Ocean. It is low in fat and rich in protein, making it a healthy choice for people with diabetes.

5. Rawas

The nutrition content of Indian salmon is very rich. Eating it regularly can be very healthy for you. It can also help you manage or even overcome various health issues that raised blood glucose levels can bring about.

Mixing some spices, herbs, and vegetables in it with vinegar makes an amazing sumptuous meal. That’s why you always get lots of mileage out of it when you buy salmon.

Apart from fish, people with diabetes can include certain crustaceans like shrimps, crabs and scallops which are good for people with diabetes. The low carbohydrate content of these scallops make them a good food choice for people with diabetes.

It’s essential to note that while fish and crustaceans are healthy food choices, the cooking method and accompanying ingredients can significantly impact its nutritional value.

It is recommended to prepare fish by baking, grilling, or poaching, rather than frying it. Additionally, avoid adding high-calorie ingredients like coconut milk or coconut scapes to the fish to keep the calorie count low.          

Does eating fish raise blood sugar levels?

Fish, in general, do not have carbohydrates in them, which prevents fish from raising blood glucose levels. Fish is a good source of protein and Omega 3 fats, making it essential for a healthy and balanced diet for people with diabetes.

However, while preparing fish for diabetes-people with diabetes- you must be careful with the cooking process of the fish. Fried fish that are breaded or fried in rice flour or rava may be high in carbohydrates and cause a spike in blood sugar levels. Similarly, preparing fish that is served with sugary sauces or condiments could also raise blood sugar levels.

In general, grilled, baked, curried, or broiled fish without added sugar or high-carbohydrate ingredients is a healthy choice for people with diabetes.

What are the health benefits of fish?

The nutrient-rich fish offers a variety of health benefits. Some of the key benefits of including fish in your diet are:

1. Rich in Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Fish is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for heart and brain health. These fatty acids help reduce inflammation, lower triglycerides, and improve cholesterol levels.

2. High in Protein

Fish is an excellent source of high-quality protein, which is important for maintaining and repairing muscles and tissues in the body.

3. Rich in Vitamins and Minerals

Fish is a good source of important nutrients, such as vitamin D, vitamin B12, and selenium, which are important for overall health and well-being.

4. Helps Reduce Risk of Heart Disease

Eating fish regularly has been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering blood pressure, reducing triglycerides, and decreasing the risk of abnormal heart rhythms.

5. May Reduce Risk of Depression

Studies have shown that people who eat more fish may have a lower risk of depression and other mental health issues.

6. May Improve Cognitive Function

The omega-3 fatty acids in fish have been shown to improve cognitive function and may help reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.

Should you avoid certain fish for diabetes?

Fish is good for people with diabetes. But ensure that you choose oily fish like salmon, mackerel, and sardines, which are particularly rich in omega-3 fatty acids. 

Also, fish that are high in mercury, such as Pomfret, Bangda, Surmai, Rawas, and lobsters are best avoided.


Fish is a nutritious food option for people with diabetes when cooked healthily. The low glycemic index of fish makes it a good food option for people with diabetes.

Fish is one of those food options that provide nutrition without causing any spike in blood sugar levels. The protein-rich and carbohydrate-less fish is good for keeping blood sugar levels under control. Also, the presence of high-quality protein with omega-3 fats, makes fish help in improving heart health. 

If you too have diabetes do not hesitate to add fish to your diet. While diet is essential for managing blood sugar levels, exercise, sleep management, and stress management is also essential. 

If you are finding it challenging to control your blood sugar levels we have your back our trusted and scientifically proven diabetes control program, Fitterfly’s Diabetes Care Program can help you.

Our dieticians and industry experts at Fitterfly can help with a personalized diet plan. Besides, they will also guide you completely, on exercises and stress management. 

If you have any more questions about the consumption of jaggery and diabetes, please feel free to contact us.

- By Fitterfly Health-Team