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India is the diabetes capital of the world. This number refers to people with Type 2 diabetes. Did you know that is more than one type of diabetes? In this article, we will understand what is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
The main difference is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic condition and is also known as juvenile diabetes as it affects children (4-7 years) and teenagers (10-14 years). Whereas type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle metabolic disorder that develops over time.
Let our expert Dr. Manthan help you understand the difference between the Type 1, Type 2 & Type 1.5 diabetes with simple examples.
Type 1 diabetes is the type of diabetes in which your body does not produce insulin because your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
It is an autoimmune condition. It is diagnosed with a random blood-sugar test or a glycated A1C test.
In type 2 diabetes, the body does not respond to insulin like it should, also known as insulin resistance. This means the glucose cannot enter the cells of your body. Leading to an increase in blood sugar levels.
Prolonged exposure to increased blood sugar levels can even lead to reduced insulin production. And also lead to serious health complications. It is diagnosed with a random blood-sugar test or an HbA1C test.
It is a type of autoimmune disease. Most of the time it is genetic or certain environmental elements.
In type 2 diabetes, your body usually becomes resistant to the insulin that is being produced.
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes usually have the same kind of symptoms.
Here are some of the most common signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes:
Some of the most common treatment or management options for type 1 diabetes include
Some of the most common treatment or management options for type 2 diabetes include
In both cases, untreated diabetes leads your body exposed to high blood sugar which can result in serious complications that can affect every organ in your body, such as diabetic retinopathy, nerve damage, or diabetic neuropathy (especially, in lower limbs), diabetic foot (which can lead to ulcers and even amputation), kidney damage or diabetic nephropathy, periodontal diseases, increased risk of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases.
The above complications are long-term complications. Diabetes can also lead to acute complications, such as hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and even diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
The stress of a diabetes diagnosis, management, and risk of future complications can also lead to mental health issues and especially diabetes distress.
Type 2 diabetes can be managed effectively with timely diagnosis and early action. However, to improve your quality of life and avoid future complications. It is important to have a plan that takes into account all the factors that affect type 2 diabetes.
That includes diet, exercise, sleep, stress, and mental health management. Fitterfly’s diabetes management programs – Diabefly Pro and Diabefly Reverse come with a dedicated coach of nutritionists, physiotherapists, and psychologists to help you manage or reverse your diabetes.
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