Microalbuminuria Test: Risk Factors, Purpose & Results

Microalbuminuria Test Risk Factors, Purpose & Results
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Have you  been diagnosed with diabetes or taking treatment for diabetes and have been advised to do a microalbuminuria test?

Generally, there is a lack of awareness about microalbuminuria tests among people. If you too are curious to know about the benefits and indication of the test this blog can help you.

Microalbuminuria  is a test which detects early kidney damage. In this article, we will discuss the purpose of the test. So let us dive in and learn more about this crucial test that could save your kidneys.

What is a microalbuminuria test?

Microalbuminuria is a diagnostic test that measures the level of albumin in the urine. Albumin is a protein that is present in the blood. This albumin protein plays a crucial role in keeping the body’s fluid level in balance. However sometimes the body starts to excrete albumin with urine because of kidney ailments.

The microalbuminuria test is used to detect kidney ailment. Also this test is frequently advised for people who are at risk for developing kidney disease.

What is the purpose of the microalbuminuria test?

The test can be used to screen for kidney disease in people who are at risk, such as those with diabetes or high blood pressure.

A positive result from the test means that there is albumin in your urine. This can be a sign of early kidney damage. If you have a positive result, you should follow up with your doctor to discuss treatment options and ways to prevent further damage to your kidneys.

However microalbuminuria test is contraindicated or is not advised to do in people who have:

  • Fever
  • Urinary tract infection
  • On certain medication that can cause microalbuminuria
  • Females who are on their periods
  • Rare genetic disorder that causes leakage of albumin

Additionally, people who are advised microalbuminuria should avoid any stress as stress affects the presence of albumin in urine. Besides avoiding stress you must not indulge into a lot of physical activity before undergoing the test.

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How to prepare for the test?

If your doctor advises you to do a microalbuminuria test do not worry. This simple urine test measures the level of albumin in your urine. 

There is no special preparation required for this test. Simply provide an early morning urine sample to the lab technician. However, you must  ensure that you are well hydrated before undergoing the test.

Your doctor may advise you not to do any strenuous exercise before the test. People who are planning to undergo the test must get proper sleep before the test and they must avoid getting stressed.

Also you do not need to fast or stay hungry before undergoing the test. 

Are there any risks of the test?

Generally, there are no risks associated with the microalbuminuria test itself. On the contrary, screening albuminuria at an early stage is helpful, because by knowing about the early signs of kidney failure, your doctor can help you with proper treatment. 

How to understand the results?

Normal results are when the urine albumin level is less than 30 mg/g. This means that your kidneys are functioning properly and there is no damage.

If your results show that the urine albumin level is between 30-300 mg/g, this is considered to indicate early kidney damage.This means that there is some kidney damage and you may be at risk for kidney disease in the future. Your doctor will likely recommend lifestyle changes and additional testing to monitor your kidney function.

If your results show that the urine albumin level is greater than 300 mg/g, indicates advanced kidney ailment and you may require further management.


Kidney ailments are one of the most common complications of diabetes. By knowing about  early kidney damage one can prevent developing complications.

Microalbuminuria test is an important tool in identifying the risk of kidney disease. It can help detect early signs of kidney damage, allowing for timely intervention to prevent further deterioration. 

With proper lifestyle modification, exercise, diet, stress and sleep management one can avoid developing any complication associated with diabetes.

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Speak with us and see how we make it possible for you. 

- By Fitterfly Health-Team
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